Term Information

Accession
GO:0046718
Name
viral entry into host cell
Ontology
biological_process
Synonyms
entry of virus into host cell, phage translocation, viral penetration, virion penetration, virion penetration into host cell, virus entry into host cell
Alternate IDs
GO:0019063
Definition
The process that occurs after viral attachment by which a virus, or viral nucleic acid, breaches the plasma membrane or cell envelope and enters the host cell. The process ends when the viral nucleic acid is released into the host cell cytoplasm. Source: GOC:jl
Comment
Viral attachment to the host cell is not part of viral entry in GO because virus attachment does not always lead to viral entry: attachment can also result in the virion being carried by the host cell to another location.
History
See term history for GO:0046718 at QuickGO
Subset
goslim_metagenomics
Feedback
Comments, changes to terms, or requests for new ontology terms can be made at GO issue tracker on GitHub.

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Parents of viral entry into host cell (GO:0046718)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
viral entry into host cell [is_a relation] is_a  entry into host (GO:0044409)
viral entry into host cell [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  viral life cycle (GO:0019058)
Children of viral entry into host cell (GO:0046718)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
negative regulation of viral entry into host cell (GO:0046597) [RO:0002212 relation] RO:0002212  viral entry into host cell
positive regulation of viral entry into host cell (GO:0046598) [RO:0002213 relation] RO:0002213  viral entry into host cell
virus receptor activity (GO:0001618) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  viral entry into host cell
viral entry via permeabilization of host membrane (GO:0140267) [is_a relation] is_a  viral entry into host cell
viral genome ejection through host cell envelope (GO:0039678) [is_a relation] is_a  viral entry into host cell
endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell (GO:0075509) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  viral entry into host cell
viral entry into host cell via pilus retraction (GO:0039667) [is_a relation] is_a  viral entry into host cell
virus coreceptor activity (GO:0120274) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  viral entry into host cell
disruption of host cell envelope during viral entry (GO:0098994) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  viral entry into host cell
regulation of viral entry into host cell (GO:0046596) [RO:0002211 relation] RO:0002211  viral entry into host cell
lysis of host organelle involved in viral entry into host cell (GO:0039664) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  viral entry into host cell
pore-mediated entry of viral genome into host cell (GO:0044694) [is_a relation] is_a  viral entry into host cell
VZ
936