Term Information

Accession
GO:0005794
Name
Golgi apparatus
Ontology
cellular_component
Synonyms
Golgi complex, Golgi ribbon, Golgi
Alternate IDs
None
Definition
A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions. Source: ISBN:0198506732
Comment
Note that the Golgi apparatus can be located in various places in the cytoplasm. In plants and lower animal cells, the Golgi apparatus exists as many copies of discrete stacks dispersed throughout the cytoplasm, while the Golgi apparatus of interphase mammalian cells is a juxtanuclear, often pericentriolar reticulum, where the discrete Golgi stacks are stitched together to form a compact and interconnected ribbon, sometimes called the Golgi ribbon.
History
See term history for GO:0005794 at QuickGO
Subset
goslim_aspergillus
goslim_chembl
goslim_plant
goslim_generic
goslim_mouse
goslim_agr
goslim_yeast
goslim_candida
goslim_pir
Feedback
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Parents of Golgi apparatus (GO:0005794)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
Golgi apparatus [is_a relation] is_a  intracellular membrane-bounded organelle (GO:0043231)
Golgi apparatus [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  endomembrane system (GO:0012505)
Golgi apparatus [is_a relation] is_a  cytoplasmic part (GO:0044444)
Children of Golgi apparatus (GO:0005794)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
Golgi calcium ion homeostasis (GO:0032468) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  Golgi apparatus
postsynaptic Golgi apparatus (GO:0150051) [is_a relation] is_a  Golgi apparatus
protein glycosylation in Golgi (GO:0033578) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  Golgi apparatus
Golgi apparatus mannose trimming (GO:1904381) [BFO:0000066 relation] BFO:0000066  Golgi apparatus
Golgi apparatus part (GO:0044431) [BFO:0000050 relation] BFO:0000050  Golgi apparatus
NIF_Subcellular
sao451912436
Wikipedia
Golgi_apparatus